India & China confronted into a violent stand-off on 15th June night in the Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh. It resulted in to loss of about 20 soldiers of Indian Army. It is claimed that Chinese Army (i.e. PLA: Peoples Libration Army) also lost many lives in this violent stand-off, however no official number has been issued by china in this regard. The whole incident took place due to disagreement between both the countries over LAC- Line of Actual Control, which is a disputed line between India and China. In this article we will know what is Line of Actual Control,why it is disputed line and agreements made between India and china to resolve this dispute.

what is Line of Actual Control ?

Line of Actual control (LAC) is the demarcation line between the territories of India and China.The LAC is 4057 km long line formed after the Sino-Indian war of 1962.The demarcation existed as a informal ceasefire until it was officially acknowledged and accepted by both the countries in 1993 in a bilateral agreement. The Line of Actual Control is divided in to three parts:the western part, the middle part & the eastern part. The western part spans from Ladakh to Kashmir, the middle part is in the area of Uttarakhand and Himanchal Pradesh & the eastern part lies in the Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

Line of Actual Control and Mcmahon Line

India claims that LAC is based on McMohan line. McMahon line was drawn in 1914 in shimla conference between India and Tibet to divide the territories of both the countries. however, China refuses to accept the McMahon line between Tibet and India, saying that it was not present when the representatives of British India and Tibet reached a settlement in 1914. Whereas the British rulers of India considered Tawang and the southern part of India and which was also agreed by the Tibetans. Chinese representatives refused to accept it.

According to China,Tibet is part of it, so they cannot take any decision without their consent. In fact, when the McMahon Line was established in 1914, Tibet was weak, although it was also independent. But China has never considered Tibet as an independent country, so it does not accept this decision either. China completely took possession of Tibet in 1950.

Therefore, both the countries have differing perceptions regardinfg LAC, India considers LAC to be 3488 km while China says it to be only 2000 km. both the countries do not accept each others claims. based on thier perception soldiers of both the countries patrol and moniter thier areas from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh.

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