India secured non-permanent seat of UN security council for with 184 votes out of 192 ballots cast in Genral Assembly on Wednesday. along with India Ireland Mexico and Norway also secured seat in UN security council as non-permanent member. The term will start from January 1, 2021.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked the global community for their overwhelming support to India’s membership to UN security council.
“Deeply grateful for the overwhelming support shown by the global community for India’s membership of the UN Security Council. India will work with all member countries to promote global peace, security, resilience and equity,” PM Modi tweeted.
What is UN Security Council ?
Security council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. Security council has the primary responsbility under the charter of the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security.
The council has 15 members with 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members. The permanent P-5 members are US, UK China, France and Russia. The 10 non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis as follows: five for African and Asian States; one for Eastern European States; two for the Latin American and Caribbean States; and two for Western European and other States.Thus, the non-permanent members are elected by the general assembly on the basis of geographical representation of states for the term of two years. To be elected to the Council, candidate countries need a two-thirds majority of ballots of Member States that are present and voting in the Assembly.
This is not for the first time India has been elected as non-permanent member if UN security council.previously, It has also been elected 7 times ; 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992 and most recently in 2011-2012.
In addition to this India is demanding permanent seat in the UN security Council to represent the geopolitical aspirations of south asian nations.